Development Agency Administration On National Perspective
District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) has traditionally
been the principal organ at the District level to oversee
the implementation of different anti poverty programmes. In
the context of the requests from the States to review the
administrative costs admissible to the DRDAs, an
inter-Ministerial Committee was constituted in February,
1997, under the Chairmanship of Shri M. Shankar, Additional
Secretary and Financial Advisor of the erstwhile Ministry of
Rural Areas and Employment to review the support for
administrative costs permitted under various programmes of
the Ministry. On the basis of the recommendations of this
Committee, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for strengthening of
DRDA Administration was launched w.e.f. 1.4.99. With this, a
separate provision has been made to meet the administrative
expenses of the DRDAs.
The primary objective of the new Scheme of DRDA
Administration is to professionalise the DRDAs so that they
are able to effectively manage the anti poverty programmes
of the Ministry of Rural Development and interact
effectively with other agencies. The DRDAs will maintain a
distinctive identity with Panchayati Raj Institutions.
Salient features of the
Each District will have its own District Rural Development
Agency. The DRDA would be headed by a Project Director, who
should be of the rank of an Additional District Magistrate.
In respect of such States where DRDA does not have a
separate identity, a separate Cell to be created in the
Zilla Parishad to maintain separate accounts, so that these
are capable of being audited separately.
The DRDA should emerge as a specialized agency capable of
managing the Anti Poverty Programmes of the Ministry on the
one hand and to effectively relate these to the overall
effort of poverty eradication in the District.
Actual execution of programmes will be handled outside the
DRDAs and the DRDA's role will be to facilitate the
implementation of the programmes, to supervise/oversee and
monitor the progress, to receive and send the progress
reports as well as to account for the funds.
DRDAs will develop the capacity to build synergies among
different agencies involved, for the most effective results.
If DRDAs are to be entrusted with programmes of other
Ministries or those of the State Governments, it would be
ensured that these have a definite Anti Poverty focus.
The Chairman, Zilla Parishad would be the Chairman of the
Governing Body of the DRDA. The DRDA shall also have an
The Project Director should cause the annual accounts of
the DRDA to be prepared not later than 30th June. These
shall be duly audited.
The staffing pattern is expected to reflect a clear
departure from that of a purely administrative organisation.
The staffing structure of DRDAs includes positions for
Planning for Poverty Alleviation, Project formulation,
Social Organisation and Capacity Building, Gender concerns,
Engineering Supervision and Quality Control, Project
Monitoring, Accountancy and Audit functions as well as
Evaluation and Impact Studies.
Each DRDA would have the following wings:
(a) Self employment wing
(b) Women's wing
(c) Wage-employment wing
(d) Engineering wing
(e) Accounts wing
(f) Watershed Wing, (wherever DDP/DPAP/IWDP programmes are
(g) Monitoring and
(h) General Administration
The administrative cost per District is fixed as follows:-
Category A District (<6 blocks) Rs.46lakhs
Category B District (6-10 blocks) Rs.57lakhs
Category C District (11-15 blocks) Rs.65lakhs
Category D District (>15 blocks) Rs.67lakhs
The above limits are applicable from the year 1999-2000.
This ceiling will be raised every year, on a compounding
basis, up to 5% to set off the increases due to inflation,
etc. While the States follow their own salary structure, the
ceiling indicated above would be strictly adhered to. Any
increase over and above the ceiling would be met entirely by
the State Government concerned.
The following principles are laid down in respect of
personnel of DRDAs:
DRDA should not have any permanent staff and no longer any
direct recruitment be allowed.
Taking employees on deputation to the DRDA for specific
periods has the advantage of better choice of staff,
flexibility in staffing pattern and of motivating the staff.
The Project Directors, Project Officers, APOs and all
technical posts are to be manned by officers with proven
capability and motivation and are to be selected in an
objective manner by specific selection committees.
In the selection of Project Directors and APOs, emphasis
should be on selecting officers of young age. The PDs and
APO should not be more than 40-50 years of age and in any
case not more than 50 years of age.
The DRDA Administration being a staff Scheme, no physical
targets are set under the Scheme.
This being a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, it is funded on a
sharing basis between the Centre and the States in the
proportion of 75:25. Allocation of funds to the Districts is
based on the ceiling prescribed in the Guidelines depending
upon the number of Blocks in the District.
Release of funds
The Central Assistance under the Scheme is released directly
to the District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs)/Zilla
Parishads. 10% of the total entitlement of DRDAs in a State
is earmarked for the State Headquarter.
Performance during 1999-2000
During the year 1999-2000, only a sum of Rs.110.00 crores
was approved at RE stage for the Scheme. The entire amount
was released to all the States/UTs proportionately.
The State wise releases made during 1999-2000.
Performance during 2000-2001
During 2000-01, a provision of Rs.220.00crores has been
approved at BE stage. The first installment of 50% of
Central Share based on the prescribed ceiling, amounting
to Rs.130.00crores has already been released to all the
States/UTs towards 1st installment of Central Share. The
State wise financial position along with 1st installment
release during 2000-01.